22 May 2002
GMOS - DOES THE BRITISH PRIME MINISTER KNOW WHAT HE IS TALKING ABOUT?
From NLP Wessex
21 May 2002
Judging by the front page of Monday's Times (see below) 10 Downing St is already limbering up for the huge row which is likely to take place as the UK's GM farm-scale trials come to an end and the country has to grasp the 'to-commercialise or not to-commercialise' nettle.
The Prime Minister condemns what he calls the 'anti-science' fashion in the UK. But is the resistance he perceives a resistance to science, or simply a resistance to irresponsible science? To what degree does the Prime Minister understand the science himself when it comes to making a balanced judgement regarding the future of British and global agriculture?
Does he, for example, understand the difference between modern methods of biotechnology which incorporate recombinant DNA, and those which rely on 'marker assisted selection' instead?
Is he aware that the latter (which is acceptable to most anti-GM groups, including within the organic sector) actually has more potential to bring benefit to mankind than the former (which forms a core element in the irresponsible use of modern biotechnology due to the way in which it compromises the molecular integrity of organisms)?
Is he aware, indeed, that respected voices in the biotechnology sector consider that the most promising future for modern plant breeding lies in this 'third way'?
Is he aware that by promoting the use of GMOs in global food production he is taking the least optimum option on offer from modern biotechnology, when judged in terms of the most favourable risk-benefit ratios available?
Is he aware that the scientific debate has largely ignored discussion of such considerations, primarily because industry is mesmerised by the intellectual property rights that apply to genetically engineered organisms, rather than focusing on a full reflection of what is in the best interests of society and the environment as a whole?
Is he aware that such lack is driven by commercial influences, not disinterested scientific considerations?
It would be interesting to have the Prime Minister write an essay (unassisted by any ghost writer) on one side of A4 outlining what he understands of the distinction between these two different aspects of modern biotechnology; and what he understands about their relative implications for the future integrity of life of earth. Both are 'modern' (the word that mesmerises the Prime Minister) but their respective potential legacies for the future of mankind and his environment are poles apart.
It would be interesting to see the London Times putting such an invitation to the Prime Minister who has the special privilege of being able to get his views printed on the front pages of newspapers in a way that most others do not.
NATURAL LAW PARTY WESSEX
How much do we actually need GMOs in world agriculture? - Meeting of
Assn of Formulation Chemists
Why GMOs are not needed to eradicate world hunger
Why GM crops are not needed for sustainable industrial products
'An ordinary miracle' - sustainable agriculture without GMOs - 'New Scientist'
Genetic diversity and disease control in rice - 'Nature'
Integrated Pest Management pays off - 'Cotton World'
'Magic bean' transforms agriculture in Central America
Monsanto 'MAB' progress reinforces positive FAO world food forecast
NLPWessex Sustainable Agriculture Web Links
Can Organic Agriculture Feed the World?
Solar Energy, Agriculture and World Peace
Quantum bio-physics in living organisms
Lifesciences breakthrough for Sustainable Health and Agriculture - 'Frontiers in Bioscience'
Solution to the GM debate?
Fundamental scientific conceptual errors in the development of recombinant DNA technology
Letter to Director General of the UN's Food and Agriculture Organisation - June 2001
More Information At
Blair condemns protesters who thwart science
by Philip Webster, Political Editor, and Mark Henderson, Science Correspondent
http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,2-301724,00.html London Times, May 20, 2002
TONY BLAIR has promised to break down the "anti- science fashion" in Britain, declaring that the Government will never give way to misguided protesters who stand in the way of medical and economic advance.
The Prime Minister said in an interview with The Times that there should be a more mature attitude to science in Britain. "It is time to speak up for science," he said in advance of a substantial speech on the subject on Thursday.
Mr Blair gave warning that research work would be lost to Britain and Europe and go elsewhere in the world if animal welfare activists and other protesters were allowed to get away with stopping projects that could save lives. He called for an end to the air of suspicion and mistrust that sometimes surrounded the work of scientists and the misplaced fears and ignorance it often generated. Mr Blair said there were huge opportunities in science, for medical progress and for dealing with some of the great environmental and economic challenges.
His speech, in which he will promise to continue increasing investment in research and development, has been planned since he visited high-tech projects in India at the turn of the year.
He said: "I was struck in India by the very close links between enterprise and science and the fact that the Indians were openly saying that they felt that some of the anti-science attitudes in the developed economy were giving them real opportunities they were determined to exploit."
Mr Blair said that there were obviously ethical questions over some research that had to be addressed by politicians and society as a whole. "But it is completely unacceptable for people to try to disrupt and destroy the legitimate research on which these issues will ultimately be judged."
The Prime Minister is privately furious at the actions of protesters which have resulted in work being held up on research into genetically modified foods, and at disruption that could threaten a neurological research project in Cambridge aimed at helping sufferers of Alzheimer's disease. He is angry over the regular description of GM foods as "Frankenstein foods", and at the way science was blamed for the BSE emergency. "BSE was not caused by bad science but by bad practices," he said.
"Some of these protests have been completely over the top," Mr Blair said. "There are huge challenges and opportunities we have to face up to. It is time to defend science, to make clear that the Government is not going to allow misguided protests against science to get in the way of confronting the challenges of making the most of our opportunities."
In his speech on Thursday, Mr Blair will speak of his objective to persuade more young people to take up mathematics, physics and engineering at school and university. He will say that scientists should be applauded and admired and should not have their work denigrated. He will speak of increasing co-operation between countries on research, saying that he does not want a "little Britain approach" to science.
Mark Matfield, director of the Research Defence Society, which speaks up for scientists involved in animal experiments, said last night: "We welcome this hugely. Tony Blair has always been very pro-science and pro-scientist, and we were impressed with the way he refused to mince words over Huntingdon Life Sciences.
"All our research shows that it does make a very significant difference to public attitudes when you see political leaders speak out on these issues."
Mr Blair was right to say research would go abroad if the conditions were not right, Dr Matfield said. What was more, many other countries had less rigorous ethical standards. "Here in Britain, we manage to combine top quality science with very high ethical standards, but other countries, the 'tiger economies', do not balance those in the same way we do," he said. "We walk a very careful line, and we would not want research to be driven to places where the standards are not those that we approve of."
Guy Poppy, of Southampton University, a member of the pro-GM panel Cropgen, said: "I think most of the public agree with Mr Blair. They want more information on the GM issue to make up their minds, and that is not helped when people destroy the trials that have been set up to determine exactly that. That's something we have always thought Tony Blair and other politicians should be clear about stating, and we're delighted that he's doing so.
"I think speaking out like this also means a lot to the scientists and people involved in the field. They realise there is a figurehead who is prepared to listen and to support them."
An exclusive interview with Tony Blair will appear in The Times tomorrow.
GM crops: Field trials testing the impact of genetically modified crops on biodiversity are under way. There will be pressure from anti-GM campaigners to keep the moratorium on commercial planting.
Animal rights extremism: The Government has bailed out Huntingdon Life Sciences but the problem of violent protests against the use of animals in medical research remains acute.
Cloning and stem cells: Human reproductive cloning is banned but research into embryonic stem cells is allowed in Britain. The rules allow more work to be done here than in other countries; leading scientists are moving here to pursue their research.
Genetic privacy: Insurance companies are to be allowed to demand the results of certain genetic tests. Most other countries have elected to keep these data secret.
Funding: This has improved substantially since 1997 but many laboratories are dilapidated; universities can rarely compete with American counterparts when it comes to academic salaries.
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