NOVARTIS' UK XENO LAB SHUTS DOWN
There are urls for 3 Express articles plus a full article below. The Express really deserves congratulation over this exposé which seems to have drawn little attention elsewhere in the media. The original documents were made available by Uncaged Campaigns: http://www.xenodiaries.org/
For other xenonews articles: http://www.crt-online.org/xenonews.html
For a short introduction to the range of concerns about xenotransplantation: http://www.crt-online.org/wrong.html
Xenotransplantation: How Bad Science and Big Business Put the World at
Risk from Viral Pandemics, by Mae-Wan Ho and Joe Cummins
* * *
Update from Uncaged Campaigns, UK- 2 October 2000
Imutran Attempt to Suppress 'Diaries of Despair'
Uncaged Campaigns and Dan Lyons, the author of the Diaries of Despair
report, are both currently the subject of a High Court Injunction preventing
the dissemination of internal information or statements based on internal
information from Imutran (parent. Imutran obtained the injunction by arguing
that the publication of the leaked documents breached their commercial
confidentiality and endangered the personal safety of individuals named
in the document.
* * *
Daily Express articles:
Terrible despair of animals cut up in name of research
Animal tests probe after we reveal suffering
Animal lab shuts down after we reveal horrors
Daily Express, 28 September, 2000
ONE of Britain's most high-profile animal experimentation projects has been shut down following revelations in the Daily Express.
The UK-based company Imutran - a world leader in research aimed at adapting pig organs for human transplant - announced yesterday it was moving its operation to America.
Last week the Daily Express published secret details revealing the reality behind the company's xenotransplantation research on monkeys.
The documents showed that Imutran had exaggerated the success of its work at Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire, and that the experiments involved horrific suffering. Our findings shocked animal rights campaigners, MPs and scientists, and led to calls for the research to be banned.
Imutran's parent company Novartis is collaborating its research with the US-based company BioTransplant, which has been using different scientific techniques. Paul Herrling, head of global research at Novartis, said: "From a scientific and business perspective, this move makes sense for both companies and provides a great opportunity to maximise our complementary technologies."
But last night animal rights groups claimed this move was evidence that the company has failed in its attempts to overcome the problem of organ rejection.
Dan Lyons, director of Uncaged and author of the Diaries of Despair report based on the confidential documents, said: "Imutran's closure in the UK vindicates the points the Express made in their article and we made in our report. It is a shame so many animals have had to suffer for so long and been destroyed in this pointless and cruel research programme. We are demanding an urgent independent Govern-ment inquiry into how this research could have gone ahead in the first place."
The documents uncovered by the Express showed that the xenotransplantation work was one of the most extreme programmes of animal experimentation to take place in the UK this decade. It involved transplanting genetically modified pigs' hearts and kidneys into monkeys. Thousands of pigs, 424 cynomolgus monkeys and 49 wild-caught baboons were used.
Over the past five years Imutran claimed to have been close to solving the crucial issue of "organ rejection" which has so far prevented trials on humans. But the Daily Express found that scientific papers declaring new breakthroughs were misleading. In one paper, it is claimed that no baboons died from "hyperacute" reaction - when two excluded from the published study did.
A second study described a baboon which survived for 39 days with a life-supporting pig heart as healthy throughout. But records showed it was clearly suffering in the last days of its life. The heart had grown in weight by three times, a fact not mentioned in the published data.
Animal protection groups have demanded urgent action into the Daily
Express findings. Dr Maggy Jennings, head of the RSPCA's research animals
department, said the group was examining copies of the documentation. "This
incident highlights the need for more openness regarding the use of animals
in biomedical research," she said. "If the Express claims are true, we
will be calling for immediate Government action." The Home Office is investigating
our report and has also
obtained copies of the documents.
© Express Newspapers, 2000